General Theory

LTKD General Theory.

Founder of Taekwon-Do

TaeKwon-Do was founded by General Choi Hong Hi.

President of the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF)

The President is the son of the founder. His name is Grandmaster Choi Jung Hwa (9th Degree)

Class Commands

  • Attention – Charyot
  • Bow – Kyong Ye
  • Start – Sijak
  • Turn Around – Dwiro Dora
  • Relax – Sha Goman
  • Stop Back to Chunbi – Baro

Tenets of TaeKwon-Do (Jungshin)

  • Courtesy (Ye Ui),
  • Integrity (Yom Chi),
  • Perseverance (In Nae),
  • Self Control (Guk Gi),
  • Indomitable Spirit (Beakjul Boolgool)

Meaning of belt colours

  • White – Signifies innocence, as that of a beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do
  • Yellow – Signifies the Earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the Taekwon-Do foundation is being laid.
  • Green – Signifies the plants growth as the Taekwon-Do skill begins to develop.
  • Blue – Signifies the Heaven, towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses.
  • Red – Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.
  • Black – Opposite of white, therefore signifying the maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do. It also indicates the wearer’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.

Body section

  • High – Nopunde
  • Middle – Kaunde
  • Low Najunde

Sparring (Matsoki)

  • 3 step – Sambo Matsoki
  • 2 step – Eebo Matsoki
  • 1 Step – Ilbo Matsoki
  • Free – Jayoo Matsoki
  • 1 Step Free – bo Jayoo Matsoki
  • Foot Sparring – Bal Matsoki
  • Self- Defence – Hosin Sul
  • Release from Grab – Jappyosul Tae

Stances

  • Attention Stance – Charyot Sogi
  • Parallel – Narani Sogi
  • Ready Stance – Narani Chunbi Sogi
  • Walking Stance – Gunnun Sogi
  • L Stance – Niunja Sogi
  • Sitting Stance – Annun Sogi
  • Close Stance – Moa Sogi
  • Fixed Stance – Gojung Sogi
  • Diagonal Stance – Sasun Sogi
  • X Stance – Kyocha Sogi
  • One Leg – Waebal Sogi
  • Bending – Guburyo Sogi
  • Vertical – Soo Jik Sogi
  • Rear Foot Stance – Dwitbal Sogi
  • Low Stance – Nachuo Sogi
  • Warrior Stance – Moosa Sogi

Kicks (Chagi)

  • Front Kick – Ap Chagi
  • Side Kick – Yop Chagi
  • Turning Kick – Dollyo Chagi
  • Side Piercing Kick – Yop Cha Jirugi
  • Side Thrusting Kick – Yop Cha Tulgi
  • Back Piercing Kick – Dwitcha Jirugi
  • Front Snap Kick – Apcha Busigi
  • Stamping Kick – Cha Bapgi
  • Downward Kick – Naeryo Chagi
  • Reverse Turning Kick – Bandae Dollyo Chagi
  • Reverse Hooking Kick – Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi
  • Twisting Kick – Bituro Chagi
  • Vertical Kick – Sewo Chagi
  • Flying Kick – Twimyo Chagi
  • Flying Front Kick – Twimyo Ap Chagi
  • Flying Turning Kick – Twimyo Dollyo Chagi
  • Flying Reverse Turning Kick – Twimyo Bandae Dollyo Chagi
  • Flying Side Piercing Kick – Twimyo Yop Cha Jirugi
  • Flying Side Thrusting Kick – Twimyo Yop Cha Tulgi
  • Flying High Kick – Twimyo Nopi Chagi
  • Flying Twisting Kick – Twimyo Bituro Chagi
  • Rising Kick – Cha Oligi
  • Front Rising Kick – Ap Cha Oligi
  • Side Rising Kick – Yop Cha Oligi
  • Inward Crescent Kick – Anuro Bandal Chagi
  • Outward Crescent Kick – Bakuro Bandal Chagi
  • Checking Kick – Cha Mumchugi
  • Hooking Kick – Golcha Chagi
  • Sweeping Kick – Goro Chagi

Hand Parts (Sang Bansin)

  • Forefist – Ap Joomuk
  • Back Fist – Dung Joomuk
  • Side Fist – Yop Joomuk
  • Under Fist – Mit Joomuk
  • Long Fist – Ghin Joomuk
  • Open Fist – Pyun Joomuk
  • Palm Knuckle Fist – Sonbadak Songarak Joomuk
  • Mid Knuckle Fist – Joongi Joomuk
  • Fore Knuckle Fist – Inji Joomuk
  • Thumb Knuckle Fist – Umji Joomuk
  • Knife Hand – Sonkal
  • Reverse Knife Hand- Sonkal Dung
  • Fingertips – Sonkut
  • Flat Fingertip – Opun Sonkut
  • Straight Fingertip – Sun Sonkut
  • Upset Fingertip – Dwijibun Sonkut
  • Angle Fingertip – Homi Sonkut
  • Thumb Forefinger – Umji Han Songarak
  • Double Fingertip – Doo Songarak
  • Arc Hand – Bandalson
  • Backhand – Sondung Palmok
  • Forearm – Palmok
  • Inner Forearm – An Palmok
  • Outer Forearm – Bakkat Palmok
  • Under Forearm – Mit Palmok
  • Back Forearm – Dung Palmok
  • Elbow – Palkup

Foot Parts (Ha Bansin)

  • Ball Of Foot – Ap Kumchi
  • Footsword – Balkal
  • Back Sole – Dwitkumchi
  • Knee – Moorup
  • Back Heel – Dwichook
  • Instep – Baldung
  • Side Instep – Yop Baldung
  • Reverse Footsword – Balkal Dung
  • Side Sole – Yop Bal Badak
  • Toes – Baltut

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